Bike Facility Design Guide

Wide Shoulders

Wide Shoulders

Wide, striped, and bikable shoulders provide greater lateral separation between automobiles and bicycles, provide additional clear zone and recovery areas for vehicles, and provide an additional buffer or space for pedestrians in rural areas where sidewalks may not exist.

Multi-use Path

Bicycle Boulevard

Multi-use paths provide a high-quality walking and bicycling experience that is separated from vehicle traffic. These paths should be a minimum of 10 feet wide for bi-directional traffic and should be paved. Multi-use paths can be constructed along a roadway corridor, in their own corridor (such as a greenway trail or rail-trail), or a combination of both.

Cycle Track

Bicycle Boulevard

Cycle tracks create a physically separated and buffered space for directional bicycle travel. They are distinct from multi-use paths in that they are for the exclusive use of bicyclists and are operationally related to the overall roadway. The physical separation from other vehicles on the roadway can consist of curbs, striping, bollards, flexible posts, landscaping strips, or parked vehicles.

Bicycle Boulevard

Bicycle Boulevard

Bicycle boulevards are local street routes that have been enhanced to favor through bicycle movements while also restricting through motorized vehicle movements.

Bicycle Lane

Bicycle Boulevard

Bicycle lanes are portions of the roadway that have been designated for the preferential or exclusive use of bicyclists through striping, signage and other pavement markings.

Buffered Bicycle Lane

Bicycle Boulevard

In some locations, buffers may be added to bicycle lanes to provide horizontal separation from either moving or parked cars. Ideal candidates for buffered bicycle lanes are roadways with high vehicle speeds, excess capacity, and few curb cuts or turning movements.

Signed Route

Bicycle Boulevard

Signed routes are identified as streets and roads where bicyclists can be served by sharing the travel lanes with motor vehicles. Usually, these are local streets with relatively low traffic volumes and / or low speeds, which do not need special bicycle accommodations in order to be bicycle-friendly.

Shared Lane Markings (Sharrow)

Bicycle Boulevard

Shared lane markings (“sharrows”) placed on the pavement provide guidance to bicyclists on the safest location to ride. Sharrows alert automobile drivers to the presence of bicyclists and encourage bicyclists to ride outside of the “door zone” of parked cars. Sharrows are generally used where there is not enough space for separate bicycle lanes and cyclists should be encouraged to use the full traffic lane.

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