Animal Health & Welfare



Natural History:


  • Squirrels, depending on the species, can be between 8 - 15 inches long and weigh anywhere from 1 to 3 lbs.; coloration is grayish brown with buff flecks. They have short ears and legs and strong front claws.
  • Their teeth never stop growing. They must continue gnawing to wear them down so that they can close their mouths and so their teeth don’t grow into their skulls, eventually killing them.
  • Squirrels have the ability to close their mouths while leaving their front teeth exposed for digging.
  • Lifespan: Can live 5 – 12 years.
  • Herbivores: eat mainly plant material, including roots, stems, bark, shoots, leaves, flowers, fruit, and nuts. Occasionally they will prey on insects, eggs, and very small mammals.
  • Predators: Humans (automobiles), foxes, weasels, and hawks.
  • Diurnal: active during the day and sleep at night
  • In colder parts of their range, Squirrels hibernate in burrows during the winter.
  • Carry seeds/nuts in their cheek pouches to build large stores underground. Squirrels are very beneficial for plant life by dispersing and planting the seeds of trees, flowers, and plants.
  • When confronted, Squirrels flick their tails in order to distract their predator.
  • Squirrels really pose no health risk to humans.

Common Squirrel Questions & Answers

Wildlife Rescue & Rehabilitation, Inc.

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24-Hour Hotline: 830.336.2725

Address: 1354 Basse Road, San Antonio, TX 78212  •  Web Address:

Should you find a wild animal in crisis, or need emergency assistance with a wild animal, please contact WRR, 24-hours a day.

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