Metro Health Violence Prevention Division
A public health approach to Violence Prevention measures violence in terms of health consequences, understands violence in terms of risk factors, who experience violence and who use violence, and works to prevent violence through interventions that:
- Reduce risks
- Strengthen protective factors
- Reduce harm when violence does occur
Public health is fundamentally a science of prevention, addressing upstream factors to prevent violence before it starts. In practice, upstream public health solutions such as supporting parents in positive parenting to downstream problems like domestic violence-related homicide take many years to change outcomes but will last much longer than a short-term fix. It requires sustained, long term commitment and transparent evaluation of what is working and what isn't to make change rooted in evidence and community. Through a public health approach frames the violence prevention program, the City of San Antonio's strategies balances services to people experiencing violence today with long-term strategies to stop violence tomorrow.
The Violence Prevention Division includes four core areas:
- Gun Violence Prevention and Intervention
- Domestic Violence Prevention and Response
- Child and Youth Violence Prevention
- Trauma-informed Care
Using a life course perspective, the Violence Prevention program uses trauma-informed programs and practices to support individuals and families in all life stages.