Prehistory & History

History of San Antonio (1519-Present)

Beginning in the late 1500s, Europeans sporadically entered South and Central Texas, although they did not settle there until the early 1700s. Explore the rich history of San Antonio from the earliest Spanish explorations to Mexican rule and the Texas Republic.

From mid-19th century statehood through the railroad and industrial development, learn more about the diverse cultures and influences that have shaped our modern metropolis.

Native American Occupation

Beginning in the late 1500s, Europeans sporadically entered South and Central Texas, although they did not settle there until the early 1700s...


Spanish Exploration & The Colonial Era

Early development in San Antonio, including at the first site of Mission San Antonio de Valero, was temporary in nature and was influenced by many factors including geography, proximity to water, and defensive concerns...


Mexican & Texas Republic Periods

The early nineteenth century was a time of unrest in both Mexico and the northern frontier. Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla formally began his rebellion against the Spanish government in 1810. The rebellion against Spanish rule took shape in San Antonio a year later in 1811 with the Casas Revolt...


Early Statehood & Antebellum Periods

Late in December of 1845, the United States Congress approved the Texas State Constitution, and Texas became as a state. Prior to statehood, San Antonio and the Texas frontier was a dangerous place full of uncertainty...


Railroad Era & Industrial Development

In 1877, the Galveston, Harrisburg, and San Antonio Railroad arrived in San Antonio and sparked major growth in both business and population. Four years later, the International‐Great Northern Railroad reached the city, and several other lines followed...


Military & Postwar Development

The establishment of military flight training centers, such as Brooks and Kelly army airfields, represented a major factor in San Antonio’s growth during the 1910s and 1920s...


Recreation & Heritage Tourism

In response to San Antonio’s rapid growth during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many local residents became concerned with the associated loss of the city’s historic landmarks. This concern coupled with the city’s increasing status as a tourist destination prompted the development of the local tourism and heritage conservation industry...

Guerrero points as taken from Texas Beyond History

Guerrero points as taken from Texas Beyond History

La Villita

La Villita

Wulff House in King William

Wulff House in King William

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