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Even healthy people should take it easy during extremely high temperatures, and those with respiratory and other health problems must be especially careful. Stay out of the sun as much as possible. Drink extra fluids, but avoid alcoholic beverages as alcohol can cause dehydration.
The best ways to prevent a sun stress emergency are:
Drink before you're thirsty and drink often.
Eat a healthy diet.
Wear a hat or cap, keep the neck covered and wear loose fitting clothing. The greatest amount of heat loss from the body occurs at the head. This is why it is important to wear a hat or cap in the sun.
If you can, work in the cool hours of the day or evening. Heat-related injuries fall into three major categories:
Children should never be left alone inside of your car, even for a few minutes. Many parents mistakenly think they can leave a child in a vehicle while running a “quick” errand. Unfortunately a delay of just a few minutes can lead to tragedy. Heat is much more dangerous to children than it is to adults. When left in a hot vehicle, a young child’s core body temperature can increase three to five times faster than that of an adult -- causing permanent injury or death. When the outside temperature is 93 F, even with a window cracked, the temperature inside a car can reach 125 F in just 20 minutes and approximately 140 F in 40 minutes.
While parked in a driveway, your car can be especially hazardous. Unlocked cars pose serious risks to children who are naturally curious and often lack fear. Once they crawl in, children don’t have the developmental capability to get out. The National SAFE KIDS Campaign warns parents to be especially vigilant about their children’s safety on days when temperatures are 80 degrees or higher by offering the following safety precautions to combat heat-related injuries in cars:
The best thing to do is leave your pet at home on those hot days. But if that is impossible:
Even on a relatively cool day of 75°F, the temperature in an enclosed car can soar to 120°F or more in minutes. In only 10 minutes, a cat or small dog can suffer from heatstroke, just a few minutes longer for larger dogs, and much less for birds and for pocket pets such as ferrets and hamsters. Even leaving your windows cracked will not allow enough fresh air to circulate, and your car turns into a convection oven.