What is Intelligence Led Policing?
The San Antonio Police Department has adopted a management philosophy and policing model identified as Intelligence-Led Policing (ILP). ILP relies on a process of information gathering and data analysis that results in the development of actionable criminal intelligence. In addition, the traditional hierarchal structure of the department has been replaced with a flattened, cooperative structure that can increase the collection of information and more rapidly deliver criminal intelligence to field units. A key element of the ILP process is a commitment to engaging the community as a partner in crime reduction efforts. The San Antonio Police Department actively engages in collaborative partnerships with the community to increase information gathering and improve intelligence, building on the philosophy of other models such as Community Oriented Policing and Problem-Oriented Policing. Furthermore, the San Antonio Police Department is committed to ensuring community’s trust by adopting legal safeguards to protect the public's privacy and civil liberties. ILP promotes increased information gathering, data analysis, and collaboration to better respond to contemporary crime problems and more accurately predict future crime trends.
The terrorist attacks that occurred in the United States on September 11, 2001 identified an additional need for enhanced intelligence operations within the law enforcement community, which has also fostered the development of the ILP philosophy. Police agencies must consider a wider variety of threats and hazards than the traditional focus of past policing strategies, including threats to key resources such as food, agriculture, water and critical infrastructure such as energy, transportation, and telecommunications. To assist in promoting the ILP philosophy and increase collaboration among federal, state, and local law enforcement, the San Antonio Police Department has sponsored the development of a major urban area fusion center, identified as the Southwest Texas Fusion Center (SWTFC). The SWTFC is recognized as a level two fusion center by the State of Texas and the Department of Homeland Security, and is managed by the San Antonio Police Department. The mission of the SWTFC is to develop an "all threat/all hazard" approach to information/intelligence sharing and public safety through a process of collaboration with regional and national partners in pursuit of a safer community and nation. This commitment allows the San Antonio Police Department to maximize the collection and intelligence sharing capacity within the region and capitalize on enhanced intelligence to improve the Department's tactical and strategic crime reduction efforts.
For more information on the Southwest Texas Fusion Center (SWTFC), please click here to access the SWTFC homepage.